The root canal is the area at the centre of the tooth where the vital tissues such as the nerve and blood supply are situated. This area is called the pulp of the tooth. Root canal treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. Common causes of inflammation and infection are deep dental decay and trauma.
Common signs and symptoms - Spontaneous pain, prolonged sensitivity to hot and cold, pain on chewing, tooth feeling raised from its socket, pain on lying down and swelling in the area of the tooth.
What does the procedure involve? - Once the area is numb, the root canal of the tooth is accessed. The root canal of the tooth is then cleaned and shaped under aseptic conditions. The root canal area is then filled and sealed with a special biocompatable material. It is then possible to restore the tooth with either a filling or a crown.
Is it Painful? - Using modern local anaesthetics, this treatment can be considered entirely painless. The vast majority of patients report the treatment to be comfortable with the biggest problem being patients falling asleep during the procedure!